An introduction to the history of jehovahs witnesses
Reed, Baker Book House, pages According to instructions Russell left behind, his successor to the presidency would share power with an editorial committee and with the Watch Tower corporation's board of directors, whom Russell had appointed "for life. When it didn't, the movement suffered a setback and membership declined for three years, but growth was soon resumed.
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For Russell, it was not enough: "Noticing how quickly people seemed to forget what they had heard, it soon became evident that while the meetings were useful in awakening interest, a monthly journal was needed to hold that interest and develop it. By the time of his death , Charles Taze Russell had traveled more than a million miles and preached more than 30, sermons. His disciples, however, saw the World War then raging as reason to believe "the end" was still imminent. He initiated training programs to transform members into effective recruiters. He initially taught that Armageddon had begun in , which would culminate in worldwide anarchy and the overthrow of all political rulership in at the conclusion of the "times of the Gentiles", but by began to teach that Armageddon would instead begin in Communion , or "the Lord's Evening Meal" is practiced to commemorate Jehovah's love and Jesus' sacrificial death. In Russell was introduced to the idea that Christ had returned invisibly to earth in , and soon decided to devote his life to faith. He had authored works totaling some 50, printed pages, and nearly 20,, copies of his books and booklets had been sold. Thus he used a loophole in their appointment to unseat the majority of the Watch Tower directors without calling a membership vote.
Franz a development Time magazine found worthy of a full-page article, Feb. He concluded: "By whatsoever names men may call us, it matters not to us; we acknowledge none other name than 'the only name given under heaven and among men' — Jesus Christ.
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Franz, who joined the sect under Russell and had been serving at Brooklyn headquarters since He started Bible study groups and a religious publishing company. At age 72 Henschel became the second-youngest member of the Governing Body, and he was selected to lead by men several years older than he is. Jesus was the first of God's creations. The convictions were overturned a year later, but the experience hardened Rutherford's heart against public institutions and he referred to politics, commerce, and religion as "the three chief instruments of the Devil". Franz served as the sect's chief theologian for some fifty years-from the start of Knorr's presidency in until his own death on December 22, the fact that he outlived his failed prophecies by more than fifteen years required him to impose a mini-Inquisition on the membership in order to keep his doctrinal and chronological framework in force for the remainder of his lifetime. Witnesses hold that only Jehovah is God, that Jesus was created by Jehovah and is inferior to him. He concluded: "By whatsoever names men may call us, it matters not to us; we acknowledge none other name than 'the only name given under heaven and among men' — Jesus Christ. In he changed the name of the organization to "The Jehovah's Witnesses. For Russell, it was not enough: "Noticing how quickly people seemed to forget what they had heard, it soon became evident that while the meetings were useful in awakening interest, a monthly journal was needed to hold that interest and develop it. We call ourselves simply Christians. Possibly, but we wait to see how closely the seventh thousand-year period of man's existence coincides with the sabbathlike thousand-year reign of Christ. And he even had a subordinate summon the police into the Society's Brooklyn headquarters offices to break up their board meeting and evict them from the premises. Much the same can be expected when JWs of a new generation inherit the positions currently occupied by Milton Henschel and his fellow elderly Governing Body members. Some were beaten up, others tarred and feathered, while yet others lost their jobs.
He had authored works totaling some 50, printed pages, and nearly 20, copies of his books and booklets had been sold. The cost of the production and screenings was so high it created financial difficulties for the society, but by Russell's death it was reported that the film had been seen by more than nine million people.
Instead of being run by a single corporation, whose directors were members of the Governing Body and whose President was controller of the movement, the Witnesses separated religious and administrative functions.
This downgraded democratic elections as a way of choosing local elders, and brought in a highly centralised structure, obedience to which was considered obedience to God.
By this door-to-door literature distribution had become an essential activity required of all members. However, the official prediction is well documented. The Bible is our only standard, and its teachings our only creed.
This had limited practical effect in comparison with the previous understanding, as most secular laws were already viewed as in accordance with God's laws.
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